User's guide
A short guide for helping the handling of the tables; hints for the exportation of the data.
In English available also on CD-ROM 6 National and county data

The Hungarian Central Statistical Office disseminates the results of the 2001 census by administrative territories (i.e. the capital, the counties and the individual localities respectively) in separate publications. The 21 books (each covering two volumes) describe on 13 thousand pages the population's demographic, educational, ethnic, religious, employment characteristics, the household and family structure, the composition and equipment of the housing stock of the capital, the counties and the country as a whole.

The volume covering data on country level contains cross-tabulations by regions, data by types of localities and by counties. The volume on the capital illustrates the results of the census by the districts of Budapest, while the volumes on the different counties besides the aggregated figures contain data on the towns (with or without county rights separately) and on the localities of the county as well. The volumes contain the data on the localities by statistical sub-regions, too.

One can find the data of the 21 volumes mentioned above both in browsable and printable format (the latter facilitating the exportation of the tables) as well as coloured graphs and cartograms, illustrating the different topics.

Besides the results of the census 2001 these pages contain in comparable form the most important data of the previous censuses, too. The latter serves as a tool for monitoring the changes in the social life of the country over the past several decades, in some cases over more than a century.

   
In English available only on Internet 7 Employment and daily commuting

The detailed tables show a number of occupational characteristics of persons in employment, besides the structure of the economic activity of the population. The most important criteria of the combination tables cover demographic aspects, too. In the tables on daily commuting of the persons in employment, higher importance is devoted to the territorial aspects.

   
In English available only on Internet 8 Institutions and institutional households

This volume contain data of the different characteristics of the occupied institutions, the institutional buildings and the population of the mentioned institutions.

   
In English available only on Internet 9 Unemployed and persons not unemployed seeking for a job

The tables strive for illustrating the characteristics of the unemployment, the unemployed persons and that of those seeking for an employment, measurable by the means of the census. The data on unemployment are based on the declarations of the enumerated persons; as a consequence, these are differing both from the information of regular employment statistics and the data registered by the Labour Offices.

   
In English available only on Internet 10. Households and families

Families and households have been topics of Hungarian censuses from 1949 and 1960, respectively. Besides presenting the relevant changes in time, the data of the present publication provide detailed information and crosstabulations on household and family structure, as well as on demographic, employment and housing characteristics of their members.

   
In English available only on Internet 11 Dwellings and their inhabitants

This volume describe the characteristics of the dwellings and of their occupants. The detailed, multidimensional tables cover the data on the housing units (occupied and not occupied dwellings, occupied holiday and other housing units) traditionally covered by housing censuses.

   
In English available only on Internet 12 Disabled persons

For decades the investigation on the topic of the handicapped had not been possible in the frame of censuses. In 1990 one fifth of the population (in the frame of the census sample survey), while in 2001 the entire population had the opportunity to declare on disability. The tables inform on the detailed characteristics of the disabled persons and, at the same time, it is possible to compare their situation with that of the non-disabled.

   
In English available only on Internet 13 Not occupied dwellings

Simultaneously with the decline of population and the growth in the housing stock, the number of unoccupied dwellings increased. The tables give an overview of the characteristics of vacant dwellings and describe the structural differences by regions, counties and statistical subregions, respectively.

   
In English available only on Internet 14 Daily travel of the persons in employment

A fraction of the tables illustrate the main results of the 20 percent representative survey carried out within the 1990 census regarding the length of time and means of transport of the persons in employment. Thus, it is possible to evaluate the changes of the last decade. The 2001 data show the time requirement and the means of travel used by the persons in employment according to the main occupational groups and branches of industry.

   
In English available only on Internet 15 Holiday houses

The program of the 2001 census also covered the enumeration of holiday housing units. The tables present the main characteristics of the holiday housing units. Among the territorial data the most preferred holiday resorts of the country are dealt separately.

   
In English available only on Internet 16 Social stratification

The model on social stratification is aimed at defining the position of the individuals/households in the structure of the society. Both the Hungarian and the international investigations proved that the former aim can be met mostly by using the present (or in case of the inactive population the previous) position of the persons on the labour market, i.e. their occupation.

In English available only on Internet 17 Housing conditions of households

The first part of the set of tables gives a retrospective summary of the housing conditions in Hungary. As from 1960 summary tables illustrate the main characteristics at the respective census dates giving the possibility for a dynamic comparison. The second part of the set of tables describes the housing conditions of the population, the families and the households; the characteristics of the dwellings, housing units (type of use, ownership, equipment, level of comfort, etc.) are illustrated in multidimensional form, combined with the characteristics of the inhabitants, users as well.

   
In English available only on Internet 18 Demographic data

The first set of tables gives a possibility to follow the developments in the number, age structure and the other demographic characteristics of the population, the fertility of the female population as from 1870, the date of the first population census in the country. The second part of the tables shows in detail the demographic characteristics of the population – age composition, family relations, education, nationality, religion, etc. – for the year 2001.

   
In English available only on Internet 19 Family types, forms of families

The tables give detailed information on the different types of families; the married couple and consensual partnership as well as the lone parent with children type families are shown in dimensions not published before. A set of tables deals with the one-person households, a category getting higher importance by time. The first part of the tables gives a retrospective picture on the different types of families, households, in several cases back to 1960. The second part of the tables contains information on the detailed characteristics of the households, families (demographic, educational employment, housing conditions) for the year 2001.

   
In English available only on Internet 20 Living conditions of the elderly population

By using the data of the 2001 census the tables describe the main data of the elderly population. The availability of the respective statistical data surely contributes to the better understanding of this segment of the population.

   
In English available only on Internet 21 Data on statistical subregions

Upon the decision of the respective Hungarian authority (Council of Regional Development) as from January 1, 2004 a new statistical subregional system has been generated; the decision of the former authority had been approved by a Government decree. The tables – based on the 2001 census – describe the main characteristics of the subregions according to the new subregional principles.

   
In English available only on Internet 22 Fertility

The interpretation of the fertility is a traditional issue of the series of publications on the census. The tables by describing the social relations, characteristics affecting the fertility of the female population can be regarded as valuable contribution to the analysis of the past developments and formulation of the future decisions.

   
In English available only on Internet 23 Characteristics of dwellings on housing estates

The first Hungarian census dealing with the housing estates has been conducted in 1980. The present tables can be regarded as a follow up of the analysis based on he 2001 census. The tables describe the socio-economic characteristics of the population living in housing estates and give also information on the situation, characteristics of the population living not on the housing estates.

   
In English available only on Internet 24 Ethnic minorities

The tables give detailed information on the ethnic minorities native – and by the law officially acknowledged – in Hungary and on population declaring themselves as Hungarians. According the definition applied a person is belonging to an ethnic minority in case he gave a definite answer to one of the respective questions (nationality, affinity with cultural values, traditions of a nationality, mother tongue or language spoken with family members, friends).

   
In English available only on Internet 25 Social stratification of the households

According experts of the subject the best variable for describing the social stratification of the households, families is the position of their members on the labour market. It means that the classification of the households, families into the different social strata should be based on the economic activity, occupation, employment status, characteristics of the job of the reference person of the household, family respectively. By applying the former criteria and based on the 2001 census the tables give a comprehensive picture of the households, families.

   
In English available only on Internet 26 Population by religions, denominations

As from 1870, the date of the first Hungarian census, up to 1949 the religion, denomination of the population has been a stable issue of the census program. After the relatively long interruption it was in 2001 when the census interrogated the religion, denomination of the population. The tables describe the attitudes of population towards aggregated religious groups (with special regard to the „historic religions” in Hungary) and give the demographic and social characteristics of the population following the ethics of the different religions, denominations. The final set of tables contain lists a detailed list of religions and the population following their thoughts. As there is no detailed official translation for the different religions it is advised for the user to use the Hungarian names of the religion. Any comment regarding the proper English expression for a given denomination is welcome.

   
In English available only on Internet 27 Religions, denominations and the families

As a follow up of the summary tables on religions of the population these tables describe the families by the religion, denomination of their members, the coexistence of the different religions in the families, the elements of family traditions regarding the religions, denominations.

   
In English available only on Internet 28 Agricultural activity – its role in the employment of the population

The volume describes a very special segment of the employment, namely the agricultural activities, its role in the economic and everyday activity of the population, households and families respectively. One of the subjects of the 2001 census was the performance of agricultural activities in the year preceding the census by the population aged 15 years and over. The tables are based on the answers related to the main and additional questions, which are classified according to the various demographic, occupational, and household characteristics of the population involved.

   
In English available only on Internet 29 Daily travel for work

The first group of tables illustrates the demographic and employment characteristics of the persons commuting daily to and from the districts of Budapest. The summary tables describe the main destinations of the commuting as well as the traffic between the districts of the capital. The second group of tables gives a detailed picture on the working place of the outgoing and on the residence of the incoming persons, by listing the districts of the capital and the localities of the agglomeration of Budapest respectively; there is information available on the demographic and employment characteristics too.

   
In English available only on Internet 30 Educational attainment of the population

The present set of tables is published only via Internet though it can be regarded as "gap-filling" exercise as the quality analysis of the educational level, namely the types and specialisation of the educational attainment of the findings in the 2001 census have not been published yet, while the related subjects of the 1990 census are only partially published.

   
In English available only on Internet 31 Methods of the collection and processing of the data

In the 130 years history of the population censuses the prevailing Hungarian statistical service – presently the Central Statistical Office (HCSO) – the scope and the methods of the data collection were always in line with the requirements of time. In the data processing, by using the ever improving possibilities of the infrastructure of the information technology, the most advanced methods are applied. The aspiration was the same in case of the preparation, execution and data processing of the census 2001: the set of questions have been finalised on a wider professional consultation and in the data capture as well as in the data processing methods different from those applied at the previous censuses and at other Hungarian population surveys were applied.

   
In English available only on Internet Children in families

The publication is based on the information not directly interrogated in the census. Nevertheless by combining the answers to the questionnaire by using the advanced methods of the data processing it was possible to give a picture on the families with special attention to the children, their characteristics, living conditions, originally not being subject to the census and are not obtainable from other statistical studies. The set of tables despite having the same structure, layout and design as the other publications of the census must not be regarded as part of the census series, consequently no serial number is indicated.

   
In English available only on Internet Children and grandparents

The publication is based on the information not directly interrogated in the census. Nevertheless by combining the answers to the questionnaire by using the advanced methods of the data processing it was possible to give a picture on the living conditions of the never married children living in families according to their cohabitation with one of both of the grandparents, the latter giving significant support to the parents in bringing up and taking care of the children. This type of information was not subject to the census and is not easily obtainable from other statistical studies of HCSO.

   


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